Java is a versatile, object-oriented, high-level programming language known for its portability, performance, and robustness. It was developed by Sun Microsystems (now owned by Oracle Corporation) and is widely used for developing a variety of applications across different platforms.

  1. Platform Independence
    • Java is designed to be platform-independent, meaning Java programs can run on any device or operating system that has a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) installed, without needing recompilation.
  2. Object-Oriented
    • Java is based on the object-oriented programming (OOP) paradigm, emphasizing the use of classes and objects, inheritance, encapsulation, and polymorphism, facilitating modular and reusable code.

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